Holiday Edition November Symbolizations — 6.5h

Symbolize the following as categorical statements. Look to the end of the chapter 6 reference for help ... or just enter a question mark to get the answer.

universe of discourse: all animals
Tx: x is a turkey
Px: x received a presidential pardon this week
Hx: x is happy 


  1. Some turkey received a presidential pardon this week.
  2. All turkeys received a presidential pardon this week.
  3. No turkey received a presidential pardon this week.
  4. Only turkeys received a presidential pardon this week. (hint)
  5. The only recipient of a presidential pardon this week was a happy turkey. (Question for you.)
  6. A turkey received a presidential pardon this week.
  7. A turkey is a bird. (hint)
  8. None but birds are turkeys. (hint)
  9. Some turkey is an unhappy bird.
  10. Each turkey is a bird.